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Backing up Files and Directories
A summary of apps and methods

   

LINUX ONLINE

HELP

Providing online help is where Linux shines. It's free, quick, easy, highly expert, and far friendlier than what you're used to from other OS's.

VENDORS

Several stores in Australia sell Linux Live CDs and install disk sets. Click here for a short list.

DISTROS

Linux is available as a large number of distributions or distros. Those below are recommended, but a full list is at  DistroWatch.com

KNOPPIX

The original and still one of the best Live Distros that runs directly from CD without being installed. Best choice for Beginners, and as a rescue disk.

UBUNTU

Enormously popular, simple Gnome desktop, very helpful forums, a good 'plain vanilla' choice for new Users.

PCLinuxOS

Very easy to install, powerful KDE desktop, friendly forums, more 'ice-cream sundae' than 'plain vanilla'.

VECTOR LINUX

"Keep it simple, keep it small" is the idea behind a fast system that still has everything needed.

PUPPY

Small, fast, many features, ideal for older machines. Can be run from a USB stick

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The best way to backup your data is to use rsync. Take a quick look through the man pages for rsync and rsyncd.conf but skip the stuff on "modules" since they're not needed.

If you use an external USB drive for backup, there are only things you need to know:

  1. Rsync backs up directories by default, so plan your backups on a directory-by-directory basis.
  2. Always use the -a (archive) switch to retain file permissions etc.
  3. Use the --delete switch to remove old files from the backup. If this is omitted, old files will either be overwritten or left untouched.
  4. Add a trailing slash to the source path to prevent rsync from creating a top-level directory named for the final directory on the source path.

rsync -a --delete /path/to/source/ /path/to/destination

If you have a home network and wish to backup across it, rsync uses ssh so you'll need to know something about it. You'll need to know the network IP address of the other machine, along with a username (root is the most powerful as always) and password.

  1. Ssh keeps a record of known_hosts in ~/.ssh. If connection is refused, check that the other machine is not listed in this file. If it is, delete the line contaning its IP address.
  2. Use the standard user@host:/path/to/files format.

rsync -a --delete /path/to/source/ user@192.168.1.101:/path/to/destination

The following websites give useful information:

www.thegeekstuff.com/2010/09/rsync-command-examples

www.cyberciti.biz/tips/linux-use-rsync-transfer-mirror-files-directories.html

everythinglinux.org/rsync

www.howtogeek.com/135533/how-to-use-rsync-to-backup-your-data-on-linux

 

 

LINUX ONLINE

HELP

Providing online help is where Linux shines. It's free, quick, easy, highly expert, and far friendlier than what you're used to from other OS's.

VENDORS

Several stores in Australia sell Linux Live CDs and install disk sets. Click here for a short list.

DISTROS

Linux is available as a large number of distributions or distros. Those below are recommended, but a full list is at  DistroWatch.com

KNOPPIX

The original and still one of the best Live Distros that runs directly from CD without being installed. Best choice for Beginners, and as a rescue disk.

UBUNTU

Enormously popular, simple Gnome desktop, very helpful forums, a good 'plain vanilla' choice for new Users.

PCLinuxOS

Very easy to install, powerful KDE desktop, friendly forums, more 'ice-cream sundae' than 'plain vanilla'.

VECTOR LINUX

"Keep it simple, keep it small" is the idea behind a fast system that still has everything needed.

PUPPY

Small, fast, many features, ideal for older machines. Can be run from a USB stick

52MIDNIGHT

Projects
Archives
Electronics
Computers
Linux