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Linux Links
Internet sites pertaining to Linux

   

LINUX ONLINE

HELP

Providing online help is where Linux shines. It's free, quick, easy, highly expert, and far friendlier than what you're used to from other OS's.

VENDORS

Several stores in Australia sell Linux Live CDs and install disk sets. Click here for a short list.

DISTROS

Linux is available as a large number of distributions or distros. Those below are recommended, but a full list is at  DistroWatch.com

KNOPPIX

The original and still one of the best Live Distros that runs directly from CD without being installed. Best choice for Beginners, and as a rescue disk.

UBUNTU

Enormously popular, simple Gnome desktop, very helpful forums, a good 'plain vanilla' choice for new Users.

PCLinuxOS

Very easy to install, powerful KDE desktop, friendly forums, more 'ice-cream sundae' than 'plain vanilla'.

VECTOR LINUX

"Keep it simple, keep it small" is the idea behind a fast system that still has everything needed.

PUPPY

Small, fast, many features, ideal for older machines. Can be run from a USB stick

52MIDNIGHT

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Linux

GENERAL

Linux can be obtained in and from a number of sources, but the end result is usually a CD or DVD. These are of two types:

  1. Live CD/DVDs which should be inserted and rebooted. They run in RAM, do not use the hard disks (or other storage devices) in your computer, and will not alter or affect it in any way unless you specifically instruct this.
  2. Installation CD/DVDs which, when rebooted, begin an installation process. These will alter your computer if you proceed.

The following links are to websites from which the ISOs (that is, the files needed to burn a CD or DVD) can be downloaded. If you are unsure about this process, you should join the online Discussion Forum of the site from which you downloaded the ISO.

OBTAINING LINUX ONLINE

Knoppix - King of the live CDs

www.knoppix.com
Knoppix was the first of the Live CDs to gain acceptance for usability and reliability, and is still one of the most popular. It makes an excellent Rescue CD (although it's now a DVD) and is a good distro to begin with if you're new to Linux. There are better options for installations, but you'll never regret having a copy.

PCLinuxOS - a good distro to start with

www.pclinuxos.com
One of the best distros for a newcomer, PCLOS features a LiveCD for evaluation or installation, a choice of four desktops – LXDE, XFCE, KDE, or Gnome – the OpenOffice word-processor, spreadsheet and other office essentials, a large repository for adding extra software, and an active, friendly online discusions forum and chatroom if you need assistance.

Ubuntu - another good beginner's choice

www.ubuntu.com
One of the most popular distributions and the basis of many others. An easy-to-install, stable and powerful distro, with a clean, simple desktop and plenty of support. Another good choice for those starting out.

VectorLinux - lightweight distro for older machines

www.vectorlinux.com
Vector Linux has a single credo: keep it simple, keep it small and let the end user decide what their operating system is going to be, and is one of the best small distros available. You get a lightening fast desktop, web surfing, sending and receiving email, chatting on ICQ and OpenOffice for writing letters. All the tools needed for compiling programs are included.The small size and memory requirements of the operating system can bring older machines back to life.

Lubuntu - netbooks, mobile devices and older PCs.

lubuntu.net
Lubuntu is a fast, lightweight and energy-saving variant of Ubuntu using the LXDE (Lightweight X11 Desktop Environment) desktop. It is intended to have low-resource system requirements and is designed primarily for netbooks, mobile devices and older PCs.

Puppy Linux - small, fast, great for memory stick booting

www.puppylinux.com
Puppy is extraordinarily small, yet quite full featured. It boots into a 64MB ramdisk and, unlike live CD distros that have to keep pulling stuff off the CD, Puppy in its entirety loads into RAM. All applications start in the blink of an eye and respond to user input instantly. Puppy Linux has the ability to boot off a flash card or any USB memory device, CDROM, or internal hard drive.

Slackware - for technically confident Users

www.slackware.com
The first commercial Linux distribution, Slackware Linux development is headed by Patrick Volkerding. Because of its focus on simplicity and reliability it is often slow to release the latest versions and applications, hence the name. A good choice for those confident with commandline operation and wanting a basis for their personal configuration.

DistroWatch - Guide to Linux Distributions

www.distrowatch.com
An exhaustive listing of major and minor Linux distributions. Includes the latest news, reviews of most distros and easy-to-read charts detailing the specifics of each.

Search Distrowatch for something special

distrowatch.com/search.php
Looking for a distro for an older machine, a music distro, or a home internet server? This page allows you to filter your search according to several criteria and pick the your needle out of the distro hatstack.

LinuxQuestions.org - Linux Distro ISOs download

iso.linuxquestions.org/
Another good site for downloading CD/DVD images (ISOs) to burn and boot.

Twelve of the most interesting distros

www.goodgearguide.com.au
If you want something strange, weird, or unusually useful ...

LINUX VENDORS

OnDisk.com

on-disk.com
A good selection of useful CDs and DVDs including Live CDs, installation sets, and repository mirrors.

LINUX VENDORS IN AUSTRALIA

Linux System Labs

www.lsl.com.au
A good place to shop in Australia for all Linux distros and support products. CDs and DVDs of several popular distros can be purchased online including Knoppix ($15.95 DVD), PCLinuxOS ($5.95 CD) and several others.

Epoch labs

shop.epochlabs.com.au/catalog/3
A Melbourne vendor of hardware, offical CDs/DVDs and imaged (copied) CDs/DVDs.

Linux Information Technology

www.linuxit.com.au
Another online CD/DVD vendor based in Perth.

Cybersource

www.cybersource.com.au
A company providing equipment, support and training for commercial Users.

DOCUMENTATION

The Linux Documentation Project

www.tldp.org
The Linux Documentation Project is working on developing free, high quality documentation for the GNU/Linux operating system. This includes the creation of "HOWTOs" and "Guides". The LDP is essentially a loose team of volunteers with minimal central organization. Anyone who would like to help is welcome to join in this effort.

Linuxdoc.org

www.linuxdoc.org
A question-answer site for any and all questions.

Linux FAQ Index

www.tldp.org/FAQ/Linux-FAQ/x24.html
This index to the FAQs from the University of Helsinki covers most questions that newcomers will have.

LinuxSelfHelp

www.linuxselfhelp.com
Somewhat out-of-date, but a useful collection of information.

ONLINE HELP

All of the major Linux distros maintain online Discussion Forums to provide assistance to Linux Newcomers. To access these, go to the distro Home Page, look for a link to Forum and follow the instructions for joining it.

Wikis

en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Linux_Guide/Getting_Help
en.wikibooks.org/wiki/Linux
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linux

Whirlpool

whirlpool.net.au
A "fully independent community website, run by a team of unpaid volunteers, devoted to keeping the public informed about the state of internet access in Australia." Plenty of useful, well-organized information and an active Users' discussion forum.

LinuxQuestions.org

www.linuxquestions.org
A friendly, active Linux online community with a strong focus on assisting Newcomers. If you're new to Linux, do yourself a favour, register with the site (it's free, secure, and non-commercial) and drop in on their forums from time to time. When trouble strikes, you'll then have a familiar place to go for some assistance.

PCLinuxOS Forum

www.pclinuxos.com/forum/
If you're running PCLinuxOS you have an immediate source of friendly, helpful advice from the experts who built it. Jump in to find your answers, or just for a general chat about all things Linux. French, German, Italian and other speakers are catered for, too!

Freenode.net

freenode.net
Freenode maintain dozens of Internet chatrooms for Linux distros, and most of the major ones have a presence here. If you know how to use IRC you'll have no trouble finding assistance here.

IRC Beginner

www.ircbeginner.com
If you've never used IRC before, it's worth taking a bit of time to learn. Nothing very difficult, and you'll have an invaluable source of information available once you do.

IRC Help

www.irchelp.org
Another good site for learning IRC.

LINUX USER GROUPS

List of LUG's

www.linux.org/groups
Linux User Groups are spread across the world, and form one of the best sources of information and help. Here is a list of LUG's worldwide.

List of Australian LUG's

www.linux.org/groups/australia.html
There are ten LUGs registered in Australia, even one in Alice Springs! Email addresses and websites are given, so don't be shy if you're curious. They may be geeks, but they're TAME geeks.

Tux.Org

www.tux.org
"Tux.Org is an umbrella organization supporting the efforts of Users Groups and Developers. Our primary focus is supporting and advocating the development and use of software and systems whose source code and specifications were openly developed and are freely available to the public.We also provide educational services through public events like User Group meetings and Install-Fests, as well as sharing knowledge via the mailing lists of our member User Groups."

INFORMATION ABOUT LINUX

LinuxLinks.com

www.linuxlinks.com
A good range of information on all things Linux.

Linux Alternatives

www.linuxalt.com
A site whose goal is to provide a database with Windows software and the Linux equivalents and alternatives.

Linus Torvalds' Home Page

www.cs.Helsinki.FI/u/torvalds
The home page of the creator of Linux. Almost certainly not what you'd expect.

The University of Helsinki

www.cs.helsinki.fi
Linus Torvalds, the original author of the LINUX operating system, studied and worked at the Department of Computer Science, University of Helsinki 1988-1997. He began development of Linux in 1991.

How to pronounce "Linux"

www.linux.org/info
Refer to a link on this site to hear how Linus Torvalds pronounces "Linux".

The History of Unix

www.bell-labs.com/history/unix
Linux was derived from Unix, the dominant mainframe operating system in the early days of computing. Understanding Unix is essential to a broad comprehension of what Linux is.

Larry Ewing's Penguin Page

www.isc.tamu.edu/~lewing/linux
The Linux Penguin is now the official logo and mascot of Linux. The stylized image was created by Larry Ewing.

Penguin Gallery

lwn.net/Gallery
A collection of the more interesting penguins on the Net, with links to the creators' sites. Well worth a look.

The Linux Counter Project

counter.li.org
The aim of this project is to keep count of the number of Linux users worldwide, currently estimated at around eighteen million. Registration is free, and entitles the user to a copy of the logo at right along with a unique registration number.

LINUX MAGAZINES

Linux User & Developer

www.linuxuser.co.uk
High-quality UK magazine with a range of news, technical and tutorial articles for all levels of Linux ability. Cover DVDs are reliable and well-engineered. Regularly available on Australian news-stands.

Linux Magazine

www.linux-magazine.com
Another good UK monthly with a similar format and reliable cover CDs and DVDs. Regularly available on Australian news-stands.

Linux Format

www.linuxformat.com
Yet another good UK monthly with reliable cover disks and a good online archive of articles. Regularly available on Australian news-stands.

Australian PC User

www.magshop.com.au/Australian-PC-User
Just as Australians generally have been slow to understand what FOSS is and how to use it, so, too, are Australian magazines reluctant to promote it, undoubtedly because of their Big Business publishers. This APC offering is basically a monthly sales promo for consumer technology, but can be useful for keeping up-to-date with local products. The magazine's cover DVD occasionally features a custom Linux distro that, unfortunately, cannot be recommended.

APC - Australian Personal Computer

www.magshop.com.au/APC
Another example of why Australia is so technologically backward. APC is a clone of Australian PC User from the same publisher, APC (Packer's PBL media). Blatantly Microsoft-centric, it occasionally features a badly-presented Linux distro as a sop to the Linux community. Not recommended.

NEWS SITES

Linux.org

www.linux.org
Long-running site with a wide range of news, information, books, projects, and other info that Newscomers especially will find useful.

Linux.com

www.linux.com
A more commercial site intended for linux professionals rather than Newcomers.

Slashdot

www.slashdot.org
One of the oldest and best-known of news sites on all computing-related issues.

Freshmeat

freshmeat.net
Good site for up-to-date news about Linux matters.

LWN.net

lwn.net
Good site for up-to-date news about Linux matters.

WALLPAPER

Wallpapers.org

www.wallpapers.org
A good, safe, spyware-free site for downloading wallpaper images for your computer desktop.

OutdoorPhotos.com

www.outdoor-photos.com
Another good site for wallpapers featuring outdoor scenes.

National Geographic Magazine - Diverse and colourful

www.nationalgeographic.com
The website is as diverse and colourful as the magazine.

Views of the Solar System - The next frontier for Mankind

www.solarviews.com/eng/index.htm
Colouful and informative site with many quality astronomical images.

The Hubble Space Telescope - Peering into the furthest reaches

hubblesite.org
A colourful site with links to some fascinating pictures. Visit the Gallery page for some stunning photos, and the Wallpaper page for free images to download and liven up your desktop.

Digital Blasphemy

www.digitalblasphemy.com

FotoImages.com

www.fotoimages.com

FotoImages Aircraft

www.fotoimages.com/aircraft/

DISTROS & DESKTOPS

DesktopLinuxReviews.com

desktoplinuxreviews.com
For up-to-date news and reviews about alternatives to your present distro and Desktop.

PUBLIC DOMAIN ACTIVISM

The Open Source movement has been under attack for many years by criminal elements in large corporations and governments, especially Microsoft (whose founder, Bill Gates, is a convicted felon), SCO, the Trans-National Corporations and the CIA. The organizations listed below are just some of those maintaining a defence against these illegal activities.

Microsoft's billions in fines for criminal activity

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Union_Microsoft_competition_case
Honest companies do not get slapped with billions of dollars in fines. If you doubt that Microsoft is a criminal organization, read this.

Groklaw

www.groklaw.net
Eben Moglen has been the highest-profile legal defender of FOSS, and his website contains a detailed history of the legal battles that have been, and still are being fought.

The SCO Group

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCO_Group
The Santa Cruz Organization was one of the earliest vendors of FOSS products, but was later used as a front by Microsoft in attempts to destroy FOSS. This Wikipedia article contains useful background information.

Cnet article about the 'fear war' against Linux

news.cnet.com/2010-1071-1007758.html
The large body of information about Microsoft's attempts to destroy Linux and FOSS can easily be discovered by searching "SCO wars Microsoft history" on the Inet. This is a typical response.

Electronic Frontiers Foundation

www.eff.org
The original organization founded to protect the Internet against commercial dominance and unwarranted government restrictions.

Center for the Public Domain

www.centerforthepublicdomain.org
One of the most urgent but unacknowledged challenges of our time is the preservation of a large and robust public domain. The public domain is the cultural space in which we share information, creativity and ideas. Like an ecosystem, the public domain can remain healthy only if its relationship with the market -- as embodied in intellectual property law, technology and social practice -- is in balance. In recent years, sweeping changes in markets, technology and law have upset this balance. The results challenge the vitality of artistic creativity, academic research, technological innovation, and our democratic culture. This affects creators and innovators because new work depends critically upon the body of work that precedes it.

Ibiblio.org

www.ibiblio.org
Maintained by the Center for the Public Domain (see above), this site has a large Linux archive and many interesting files available for download.

MISCELLANEOUS

LINUX

www.linux.org
Fonts
Tucows HOWTOs
Red Hat
Linux.org
Linux.com
Linux Core
W3 Consortium
HOW-TOs
Linux Doc'n Project
Google Linux
w.li.org
LibraNet
Utilities
WWW Resources
OTA
Unix Info

VARIANTS

SEUL
SEUL Edn
SEUL Sci
Leibnitz Calctr

SITES

w.linuxstart.com
w.destinationlinux.com
w.linux-center.com
w.linuxwaves.com
w.allexperts.com
w.linuxmagazine.com

APPS

RPM.org
KDE
MC
Quanta
Gimp
Opera
Int 80h

EMACS

GeekGirl FAQ

TEX

DVI Drivers
DVI Archive
CTAN WU
CTAN RMIT

NEWS

FreshMeat
Linux Doc'n Project
Home of Linux
LinuxNewbie
www.linuxplanet.com
www.linuxchix.org
SlashDot
LinuxToday
Linux Weekly News
Linux World
Kernel Cousins

POSIX

POSIX.com
Knosof
SourceForge
PASC

DOWNLOADS

DownLoads.com
Linux2order
Geocities
Linux.About
StuffAll
Binary Viewer

THEMES

Thspanes
Xthspanes

SOUND

OSS
OSS Prog Guide
4 Front

TEXTURES

D Moz
Absolute Designs
 
 

LINUX ONLINE

HELP

Providing online help is where Linux shines. It's free, quick, easy, highly expert, and far friendlier than what you're used to from other OS's.

VENDORS

Several stores in Australia sell Linux Live CDs and install disk sets. Click here for a short list.

DISTROS

Linux is available as a large number of distributions or distros. Those below are recommended, but a full list is at  DistroWatch.com

KNOPPIX

The original and still one of the best Live Distros that runs directly from CD without being installed. Best choice for Beginners, and as a rescue disk.

UBUNTU

Enormously popular, simple Gnome desktop, very helpful forums, a good 'plain vanilla' choice for new Users.

PCLinuxOS

Very easy to install, powerful KDE desktop, friendly forums, more 'ice-cream sundae' than 'plain vanilla'.

VECTOR LINUX

"Keep it simple, keep it small" is the idea behind a fast system that still has everything needed.

PUPPY

Small, fast, many features, ideal for older machines. Can be run from a USB stick

52MIDNIGHT

Projects
Archives
Electronics
Computers
Linux